Airport and transport – airport Zadar (12 km), daily ferry connection with Ancona and Rimmini (Italy), ferry to neighboring islands.
History – inhabited since Neolithic; first written proof from 4th century BC (Illyrian tribe Liburnians); after the year 59 BC became a Roman municipium; at the beginning of the 7th century it was the center of the Byzantine province of Dalmatia; in 7th century, it became the capital of Dalmatia and remained so until 1918; the Zadar Seal is the oldest city seal in Croatia (dates from the end of the 12th century); the first city on Croatian ground to have had a university already in 1396; Zadar had: the first newspaper in the Croatian language (1806; called ‘Kralj Dalmatin’); the first public gardens (still today bear the name) Queen Helen Madijev Public Gardens (1829); the first modern water pipe system (1838); the first systematic electricity system (1894).
Interesting to see: the Roman Forum (1st century), the church of St. Donatus (9th century; symbol of the city; built on the remains of the ancient Roman Forum); St. Mary’s church (11th century); church of St. Chrysogonus (12th century); the Cathedral of St. Anastasia (12th -13th century); St. Francis’ Church (14th century); Citadel (15th century); People’s Square and City Loggia and Guardhouse (16th century); ramparts with the representative Port Gate and Land Gate (16th century).
Info – a city monument with 72 718 inhabitants and more than 200 sunny days a year.
Where to go out: numerous cultural and artistic programs; traditional Music Evenings in St. Donatus; New Theatre Performances; Zadar Summer Theatre; various visual arts exhibitions.
Inevitable to see: architectural achievements – the first in the world Sea Organs (mystic harmonies of the “Orchestra of Nature”) and The Greeting to the Sun (installation; a model of the solar system with its appertaining planets, connected to the Sea Organs whose sound is transposed into a exceptionally impressive show of light that starts performing after sunset); the Archaeological Museum (established in 1830; exhibits from the Stone Age to the late Middle Ages); the National Museum; the Maritime Museum; the Permanent Exhibition of Sacral Art (called The Gold and Silver of Zadar); Kalelarga (Wide Street).
Inevitable to taste: famous liqueur Maraschino (produced since 16th century).
Good to know: in 18th century, the Zadar’s liqueur Maraschino (production since 16th century), was exported to almost all European countries (it could be found on the table of well-known rulers: English King George IV, Napoleon Bonaparte, the Russian Czar Nicholas…).
For sailors: 3 marinas: Borik in cove Fratrov jaz; Vitrenjak and Zadar-Tankercommerce.
City harbor: sheltered from all winds; exposed from N and NW to stronger swell in harbor; has long breakwater (165 m; NE-SW direction, from the coast to the peninsula; passage width is 70 m) and heavy traffic in the port. (Suitable) berth: occasionally near the bridge (at the very end of the SW coast, or on NE coast); in the middle of the NW coast there is a mole where berth is possible on both side (depth 2-3 m). (Not suitable) berth: other coves on the NE coast all until the lighthouse (cape Oštro) are not suitable because of the shallowness and heavy traffic.
Little harbor Foša: (artificial canal; situated along the ramparts) sheltered from all winds except SW (outer part of the port is exposed to SW wind). N part is shallow and full of boats; very shallow with cliffs is on NW side also in NW from the port (near the seafront); along the SE seafront is around 3 m deep. Warning: when approaching to the port it is better to keep closer to the SE coast; berth is allowed only to smaller boats (depth in inner part is less than 1.6 m).
Pedestrian bridge (warning) only 2 m high (only smaller boats can sail under).
Port JK Uskok: enter is from SE; port is sheltered from all winds; the breakwater (in SW) should be sailed around to the red lateral marks (placed in front of it). Berth: there are 8 moles (depths from 1-8 m).
Marina Borik: entrance is from S; sheltered from all winds. Berth: along 5 moles and inner side of both breakwaters (depths from 1.4-4.3 m). Shallows: outside the breakwater.
Marina Zadar-Tankercommerce: entrance from NE of the city port; sheltered from all winds. Berth: (bigger boats) from the inner side of the breakwaters (of city harbor); along 6 moles (depths on the head of the moles are from 4-8 m).
Zadar channel: sheltered from bura; exposed to jugo, W and NW (all winds cause strong waves). Berths: cove Petrčane and anchorages Diklo and Zaton. Warning: after long blowing of jugo (sea current speed is up to 2 knots).